Data Definitions

Accused - The accused is the person named on a Report to Crown Counsel (RCC) that contains an allegation of a criminal offence or offences. The RCC is brought to a Crown counsel office for charge assessment and approval.

Adult Custody Division - The adult custody division provides safe and secure custody of inmates, and delivers programs that promote public safety and reduce criminal behaviour. The division has 1,495 full-time employees in the following positions: correctional officers, correctional supervisors, managers, administrative staff, instructors, and chaplains.

Adult - An adult is a person who is 18 years of age or older at the time of the alleged offence.

Civil Court Documents Filed - Civil court documents filed counts all Supreme and Provincial Court documents filed at a court location. Documents can also be filed electronically.

CLD – Crown Law Division is the prosecution support, criminal appeals and special prosecutions section of the Criminal Justice Branch.

Client Count - Client count refers to the number of clients supervised by a given adult custody centre on the first of each month or community corrections regional office. This measure is based on the total number of clients present on the first day of the month.

Client Movement (to and from court) - Client movement is the number of transports of clients to and from court from an adult custody facility. These numbers do not include new admissions from court or video court. This measure does not provide the total number of inmates supervised.

Client Releases - Client releases is the total number of inmates released per adult custody centre or community corrections region. The reasons for release from adult custody centres include: release to community supervision; transfer to a federal penitentiary; and completion of supervision or sentence. Release from community corrections supervision includes: client releases to jurisdictions outside of B.C.; completion of sentence or supervision period; successful appeal of sentence; deceased; early release; and released at court. These measures do not provide the total number of supervised clients in either B.C. Corrections division.

Client Transfers - Client transfers is the total number of transfers into or from an adult custody centre.

Community Corrections Division - The purpose of the Community Corrections and Corporate Programs Division is to reduce crime (and reoffending) by assessing and responding to the risks and needs of adult offenders. The division provides corporate services to B.C. Corrections in the form of research, information technology, aboriginal programs and relationships, and program development. The division has 581 full-time employees in the following positions: probation officers, operational directors, program managers and analysts, local managers, performance, evaluation and research analysts, information systems staff, and administrative staff.

Concluded Prosecutions - Each prosecution per person is considered to be concluded when a final court decision (or Stay of Proceedings) has been reached. Each prosecution is counted once per person regardless of the number of court appearances or hearings that are held before conclusion.

Concluded Provincial Court Criminal Cases - Concluded criminal court cases are those which have resolved with a guilty plea, conviction, judicial stay, or stay by Crown Counsel, for example. Matters that involve outstanding bench warrants are not counted as concluded. These numbers do not include federally prosecuted cases.

Court of Appeal - The Court of Appeal is the highest court in the province. It hears appeals from the Supreme Court, appeals from the Provincial Court on some criminal matters, as well as reviews and appeals from some administrative boards and tribunals.

Court Sitting Hours - Court sitting hours refers to the amount of time that court heard criminal or civil matters. These hours include the time when court is adjourned for any reason where staff must remain in attendance until court resumes. It also includes time for jury deliberations.

Guilty - Guilty indicates the person pled guilty or was found guilty of at least one charge. This includes guilty pleas or findings of guilt that are entered for lesser or included offences.

Location Breakdown of Provincial Court Criminal Cases by Length of Time to Conclude - Location breakdown of criminal court cases by length of time to conclude is a timeliness measure. For a highlighted location, this measure reports the proportion of Provincial Court criminal cases that concluded within the following categories: one to 60 days; 61 to 120 days; 121 to 180 days; 181 to 240 days; 241 to 365 days; and greater than 365 days.

Median Time to Conclude Provincial Court Criminal Cases - Median time to conclude criminal cases reports the number of days between the first scheduled appearance on a Provincial Court criminal case and the date the case was concluded.

New Clients - New clients refers to the total number of intakes of individuals new to corrections each month. The number does not represent the number of unique individuals; it is simply a count of new adult custody or community corrections clients in a given period, and not a representation of the total number of clients in either division.

New Court Cases - New court cases generally refers to the number of new filings received in a court location that initiate a case, including files transferred from another court location for disposition.

Not Guilty - Not Guilty indicates the person was found not guilty on all charges in the indictment.

Other (concluded prosecutions) - Other includes abated (where the accused person died) and unfit to stand trial.

Peace Bond - A peace bond can be applied for by the Crown or made by a court in place of a criminal charge. To protect the public and maintain the peace, the order may require a person to be supervised or obey restrictions while in the community.

Provincewide Breakdown of Provincial Court Criminal Cases by Length of Time to Conclude - Breakdown of criminal court cases by length of time to conclude is a timeliness measure for the entire province.  It reports the proportion of all Provincial Court criminal cases in B.C. that concluded within the following categories: one to 60 days; 61 to 120 days; 121 to 180 days; 181 to 240 days; 241 to 365 days; and greater than 365 days.

Provincial Court - The Provincial Court is the first level of trial court in British Columbia and hears criminal adult, criminal youth, family, child protection, small claims, traffic and municipal bylaw cases.

Report to Crown Counsel - A Report to Crown Counsel (RCC) is document prepared by an investigative agency. It describes the circumstances of an alleged criminal or regulatory offence, and makes a recommendation on charges.

Scheduled Court Appearances - Scheduled court appearances refers to the number of occasions when cases are scheduled to be before the court for a specific reason, such as the first appearance, case conference, trial, and sentencing. Note that not all scheduled appearances occur and they may be adjourned prior to the appearance date. Supreme Court criminal scheduled appearances are not currently available.

Stayed - A Stay of Proceedings means the prosecution was terminated. Sometimes a court will stay all charges. In other cases, Crown counsel will stay the charges. This can happen, for example, when the evidence in the case no longer meets the Crown's charge assessment standard of a substantial likelihood of conviction.

Supreme Court - The Supreme Court of British Columbia is the province's superior trial court. The Supreme Court is a court of general and inherent jurisdiction, which means that it can hear any type of case, civil or criminal. It hears most appeals from the Provincial Court in civil and criminal cases, and also hears appeals from arbitrations.

Youth - A youth is a person aged 12 to 17 at the time of the alleged offence, as defined by the Youth Criminal Justice Act.