Tree Species Silvics and Comparisons

The following information is provided for each coniferous and broadleaf species listed:

  • Geographic range
  • Ecological amplitude
  • Root system characteristics
  • Tolerances
  • Damaging agents
  • Associated tree species and successional role
  • Silvical characteristics
  • Genetics
  • Notes 

Source: Klinka, K., J. Worrall, L. Skoda, and P. Varga. 2000. The Distribution and Synopsis of Ecological and Silvical Characteristics of Tree Species of British Columbia’s Forests. Canadian Cartographics Ltd., Coquitlam, B.C.

Conifer

Ba Amabilis fir Abies amabilis View Details
Bg Grand fir Abies grandis View Details
Bl Subalpine fir Abies lasiocarpa View Details
Bp Noble fir Abies procera
Cw Western redcedar Thuja plicata View Details
Fdc Coastal Douglas-fir Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii View Details
Fdi Interior Douglas-fir Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca View Details
Hm Mountain hemlock Tsuga mertensiana View Details
Hw Western hemlock Tsuga heterophylla View Details
Jr Rocky Mountain juniper Juniperus scopulorum View Details
La Alpine larch Larix lyallii View Details
Lt Tamarack Larix laricana View Details
Lw Western larch Larix occidentalis View Details
Pa Whitebark pine Pinus albicaulis View Details
Pj Jack pine Pinus banksiana View Details
Plc Shore pine Pinus contorta
Pli Lodgepole pine Pinus contorta View Details
Pw Western white pine Pinus monticola View Details
Py Ponderosa pine Pinus ponderosa View Details
Sb Black spruce Picea mariana View Details
Se Engelmann spruce Picea engelmannii View Details
Ss Sitka spruce Picea sitchensis View Details
Sw White spruce Picea glauca View Details
Sx Spruce hybrid Picea cross
Tw Western yew Taxus brevifolia View Details
Yc Yellow cedar Chamaecyparis nootkatensis View Details

Broadleaf

Acb Balsam poplar Populus balsamifera View Details
Act Black cottonwood Populus trichocarpa View Details
At Trembling aspen Populus tremuloides View Details
Dg Green/Sitka alder Alnus viridis
Dm Mountain alder Alnus tenuifolia View Details
Dr Red alder Alnus rubra View Details
Eb Scrub birch Betula nana
Ep Paper birch Betula papyrifera View Details
Ew Water birch Betula occidentalis
Gp Pacific dogwood Cornus nuttallii View Details
Gr Red-osier dogwood Cornus sericea
Kc Cascara sagrada Rhamnus purshiana View Details
Mb Bigleaf maple Acer macrophyllum View Details
Mr Douglas maple Acer glabrum
Mv Vine maple Acer circinatum
Qg Garry oak Quercus garryana View Details
Ra Arbutus Arbutus menziesii View Details
Up Pacific crab apple Malus fusca
Vb Bitter cherry Prunus emarginata View Details
Vp Pin cherry Prunus pensylvanica
Vs Sweet cherry Prunus avium
Vv Choke cherry Prunus virginiana
Wa Peachleaf willow Salix amygdaloides
Wb Bebb's willow Salix bebbiana
Wd Pussy willow Salix discolor
Wp Pacific willow Salix lucida
Ws Scouler's willow Salix scouleriana
Wt Sitka willow Salix sitchensis

Species Comparisons

Tolerance comparisons (PDF)
Resistance and potential risk comparisons (PDF)
Comparisons of silvical characteristics (PDF)