Reportable Diseases

The Reportable Diseases listed in this regulation align with similar lists prescribed by other provincial governments and the government of Canada.

The Reportable and Notifiable Diseases regulation requires that a report be made to the office of the Chief Veterinarian within 24 hours if you have reasonable grounds to suspect that a reportable or notifiable disease has occurred.

Bee Diseases
Infestations of the following are prescribed as reportable diseases in respect of bees:

  • Aethina tumida (Small hive beetle)
  • Apis cerana (Eastern honey bee or Asian honey bee)
  • Apis mellifera capensis (Cape bee)
  • Apis mellifera scutellata (African honey bee)
  • Apis vilutina (Asian predatory wasp)
  • Tropilaelaps clareae (Asian bee mites)
  • Vespa mandarinia (Asian giant hornet)

Illness in bees caused by American foulbrood is prescribed as a reportable disease.

Bird Diseases
The following are prescribed as reportable diseases in respect of bids:

  • Fowl typhoid caused by Salmonella gallinarum
  • Any strain of H5 or H7 avian influenza A virus
  • Infectious laryngotracheitis
  • Mycoplasma gallisepticum, but only in turkeys kept or dealt with for commercial purposes
  • Newcastle disease
  • Pullorum diseases caused by Salmonella pullorum

Avian influenza A viruses other than strains of H5 or H7 are prescribed as reportable diseases in respect of birds if there is

  • A positive influenza A matrix PCR result, and
  • High flock morbidity showing severe clinical signs, including any of the following:
  • Signs of respiratory distress
  • Swelling of the sinuses or head
  • Reduced vocalization
  • A marked reduction in food or water intake
  • Cyanosis of the unfeathered skin, wattles and comb
  • Uncoordinated or nervous behaviour
  • Diarrhea
  • A marked drop in egg production
  • A high and rapidly escalating flock mortality

Cattle Diseases
The following are prescribed as reportable diseases in respect of cattle:

  • Bovine cysticercosis
  • Bovine spongiform encephalopathy
  • Bovine tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium bovis
  • Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia
  • Lumpy skin disease                             

Crustacean Diseases
The following are prescribed as reportable diseases in respect of crustaceans:

  • Taura syndrome
  • White spot disease
  • Yellow head disease

Finfish Diseases
The following are prescribed as reportable diseases in respect of finfish:

  • Ceratomyxosis caused by Ceratomyxa Shasta
  • Epizootic haematopoietic necrosis
  • Infectious haematopoietic necrosis
  • Infectious pancreaticnecrosis necrosis
  • Infectious salmon anaemia
  • Koi herpesvirus disease
  • Spring viraemia of carp
  • Whirling disease caused by Myxobolus cerebralis
  • White sturgeon iridoviral disease

Horse Diseases
The following are prescribed as reportable diseases in respect of horses:

  • African horse sickness
  • Contagious equine metritis
  • Eastern, Western and Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis
  • Equine infectious anaemia
  • Equine piroplasmosis caused by Babesia caballi or Theileria equi.

Mollusc Diseases
Illness in molluscs caused by any of the following is prescribed as a reportable disease:

  • Bonamia ostreae
  • Marteilia refringens
  • Marteiliodes chungmuensis
  • Mikrocytos mackini
  • Perkinsus marinus
  • Perkinsus olseni

MSX disease caused by Haplosporidium nelsoni in molluscs is prescribed as a reportable disease

Sheep and goat diseases
The following are prescribed as reportable diseases in respect of sheep and goats:

  • Peste des petits ruminants
  • Scrapie
  • Sheep and goat pox

Swine Disease
The following are prescribed as reportable diseases in respect of swine:

  • African swine fever
  • Classical swine fever
  • Swine vesicular disease

Diseases affecting multiple species
The following are prescribed as reportable diseases in respect of any animal:

  • Anthrax
  • Bluetongue
  • Brucellosis caused by Brucella abortus, melitensis, ovis or suis
  • Chronic wasting disease or cervids
  • Foot and mouth disease
  • Plague caused by Yersina pestis
  • Pseudorabies
  • Q Fever caused by Coxiella burnetti
  • Rabies
  • Rift Valley fever
  • Rinderpest
  • Trichinellosis caused by Trichinella sprialis
  • Tularaemia caused by Francisella tularensis
  • Vesicular stomatitis

The following zoonotic viral hemorrhagic fevers are prescribed as reportable diseases in respect of any animal:

  • Arenaviruses Chapare, Guanarito, Junin, Lassa, Lujo, Machupo and Sabia
  • Bunyaviruses
  • Filoviruses Ebola and Marburg
  • Flaviviruses Kyasanur forest disease virus, Omsk hemorrhagic fever and yellow fever
  • Hantaviruses Dobrava, Haantan, Puumala, Saaremaa and Seoul
  • Nairovirus Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever

Without limiting the mandatory reporting section of the Act, an illness affecting any animal that is known to be, or that may be, zoonotic in nature is prescribed as a reportable disease if any of the following signs or indicators are present:

  • the illness has never, or has rarely been, observed in British Columbia
  • the illness appears in a species in which the disease has never, or has rarely, been observed
  • the illness has, or appears to have, a higher pathogenicity than usual
  • An illness in any animal is prescribed as a reportable disease if clusters of the illness include more animals, appear more frequently, or appear over a larger geographic area than usual.

Illness in any animal caused by any of the following environmental toxins is prescribed as a reportable disease:

  • asbestos
  • creosote
  • dioxins
  • fuel, if it contains, or may contain, a substance that is toxic to animals
  • lead
  • Poly-chlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)