Agroforestry

Agroforestry is a land management approach that purposefully integrates the growing of trees with crops or livestock. Integration can involve:

  • deliberately retaining or adding trees or shrubs into agriculture production systems
  • deliberately adding or enhancing crops or livestock in forest production systems


Basic Factors of Agroforestry Systems

INTENTIONAL
They are specifically designed and managed for a planned result. Objectives are to enhance overall production of both the crop/livestock and timber-based products while simultaneously providing environmental and social benefits.

INTEGRATED
Systems are a blend of agriculture, forestry and conservation. Tree, crop and/or animal components are combined in a single management unit targeting overall production, thus the enterprise is managed and evaluated as a single system rather than as separate parts.
Integration can involve:

  • deliberately retaining or adding trees or shrubs into agriculture production systems
  • deliberately adding or enhancing crops
    or livestock in forest production systems

INTENSIVE or EXTENSIVE
Management intensity will vary depending on the system design and planned results.

INTERACTIVE
Systems are designed to minimize negative and maximize positive interactions between trees, other crops, livestock and humans.

 

Agroforestry Systems in B.C.

Five main agroforestry systems are practical for use in British Columbia.

Agroforestry Farm Practices

Agroforestry Resources

Valuable information on agroforestry is available from many other agencies and organizations.