Pharmacy

The College of Pharmacists of British Columbia is the regulatory body established to regulate both the practice of pharmacy and the operation of pharmacy businesses.

The practice of pharmacy has been a designated health profession under the Health Professions Act since April 1, 2009, and is regulated by the College in accordance with the Act, the Pharmacists Regulation and the bylaws of the College under the Act.

The operation of pharmacy businesses has been regulated under the Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act since April 1, 2009, and is regulated by the College in accordance with that Act, the regulations under that Act and the bylaws of the College under that Act.

Prior to April 1, 2009, the operation of pharmacy businesses was regulated under the former Pharmacists, Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act.

The composition of the board of the College is:

  • seven elected pharmacists;
  • one elected pharmacy technician; and
  • four public representatives appointed by the Minister.

Transition of Pharmacy Practice to the Health Professions Act

Repeal and replacement of the Pharmacists, Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act was provided for in the Health Professions Amendment Act (No. 2), 2003 and the Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act (also enacted in 2003).

As required by the Health Professions Act, the Ministry gave initial notice of the proposed Pharmacists Regulation under the Health Professions Act on November 21, 2006. The Ministry gave notice of the final draft of the proposed Regulation on October 24, 2008.

On December 12, 2008, the government announced that, effective April 1, 2009, the Health Professions Amendment Act (No. 2), 2003 and the Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act would be brought into force and the practice of pharmacy would be designated under the Health Professions Act.

On February 9, 2009, the College gave notice of proposed bylaws under both the Health Professions Act and the Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act. Comments were requested to be submitted to the College and the Ministry by March 11, 2009.

On February 17, 2009, the Minister appointed the first board of the College under the Health Professions Act, and ordered that the first election of professional members to the board must be held by July 1, 2010.

On April 1, 2009, the government announced completion of the transition. Remaining provisions of the former Pharmacists, Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act related to veterinary drugs and medicated animal feeds were renamed as the Veterinary Drugs Act and were assigned to the Minister of Agriculture.

The first election of professional members to the board was completed on October 23, 2009.

Amendments to the Pharmacists Regulation

Amendments to the Pharmacists Regulation and to most College bylaws under the Health Professions Act and the Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act are subject to a three-month notice period, unless the Minister specifies a shorter period. The mandatory notice period does not apply to regulations under the Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act.

The College is responsible for giving notice of proposed bylaw amendments, including posting them on the College website, and all bylaw amendments must be filed with the Minister to be effective. Filed bylaws come into force 60 days after the date of filing, unless the Minister either disallows the change or specifies an earlier date, or the College withdraws the change.

The full text of the current bylaws and information about any proposed bylaw amendments may be obtained by contacting the College. Comments on proposed bylaw amendments should be submitted to both the College and the Ministry.

Proposed Regulation Amendments Notice Date
There are no proposed amendments.  
Approved Regulation Amendments Date
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation to align with 2016 recommendations from the National Drug Scheduling Advisory Committee. December 5, 2016
MO 486/2016
BC Reg 279/2016
Amends the Health Professions General Regulation to enable anyone to administer naloxone to someone appearing to be suffering from an opioid overdose. October 14, 2016
MO 397/2016
BC Reg 239/2016
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation to unschedule naloxone for emergency use outside of hospital settings. September 20, 2016
MO 360/2016
BC Reg 230/2016
Amends the Pharmacists Regulation to ensure appropriate standards are in place regarding Medical Assistance in Dying (MAID) activities by requiring the College to set Standards for registrants relating to MAID that are enforceable through provincial law, and that make non-adherence to the Standards a provincial offence. Similar changes have been made to the Medical Practitioners Regulation and the Nurses (Registered) and Nurse Practitioners Regulation. July 26, 2016
MO 285/2016
BC Reg 201/2016
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation by adding six drugs to Schedule I. June 24, 2016
MO 244/2016
BC Reg 160/2016
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation to designate Naloxone as a Schedule II substance when used for opioid emergencies outside of the hospital setting, and removes a duplicative entry in the Drug Schedules.  March 23, 2016
MO 102/2016
BC Reg 83/2016 
Amends the Pharmacists Regulation to expand pharmacists' scope of practice to include administering vaccinations intranasally. December 3, 2015
MO 403/2015
BC Reg 225/2015
Amends the Pharmacists Regulation to add "pharmacy technician" to the list of titles reserved for exclusive use by College registrants, effective January 1, 2011. June 29, 2010
MO 192/2010
BC Reg 211/2010
Amends the Pharmacists Regulation to correct a technical drafting error in section 4. October 30, 2009
MO 247/2009
BC Reg 256/2009
Amends the Pharmacists Regulation to expand pharmacists' scope of practice to include administering vaccinations by intradermal, intramuscular or subcutaneous injection. October 9, 2009
MO 215/2009
BC Reg 234/2009
Adds naturopathic physicians to the Prescribed Health Care Professions Regulation. June 4, 2009
MO 148/2009
BC Reg 163/2009
Prescribes a disallowance period of 60 days for bylaws and drug schedule regulations filed under the Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act. March 31, 2009
MO 112/2009
BC Reg 139/2009
Makes the new Prescribed Health Care Professions Regulation under the Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act, effective April 1, 2009. March 27, 2009
MO 090/2009
BC Reg 129/2009
Makes the Pharmacists Regulation, effective April 1, 2009. December 12, 2008
MO 310/2008
BC Reg 417/2008
Brings into force the repeal of the Pharmacists, Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act, effective April 1, 2009

Repeals the Prescribed Health Care Profession Regulation under the Pharmacists, Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act, effective April 1, 2009.

Designates the practice of pharmacy under the Health Professions Designation Regulation, effective April 1, 2009.
December 12, 2008
OIC 970/2008
BC Reg 419/2008       
Filed Bylaw Amendments Date
Amends the Health Professions Act bylaws to permit the creation of an Application Committee. Filed August 3, 2017
In force October 2, 2017
Amends the Health Professions Act bylaws by repealing and replacing Schedule D: Fees. Filed August 3, 2017
In force August 14, 2017
MO 257/2017
Repeals and replaces various Forms related to fees. Filed August 3, 2017
In force August 14, 2017
MO 258/2017
Amends the Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act bylaws to create minimum security measures for community pharmacies. Filed February 20, 2017
In force April 21, 2017
Amends the Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act bylaws by repealing and replacing Schedule A: Fees. Filed December 2, 2016
In force December 19, 2016
MO 485/2016
Amends the Health Professions Act bylaws by amending Schedule F to include requirements for patient identification, preparation of prescriptions and performing final checks on prescriptions.  Filed November 21, 2016
In force, January 20, 2017.
Amends the Health Professions Act bylaws by repealing and replacing forms 4A, 4B, 7A, 8A, 8B, 10A, 10B, 10C, 10D, 10E, 10F, and 13. Filed September 27, 2016
In force November 26, 2016
Amends the Health Professions Act bylaws by repealing and replacing Schedule F: Standards of Practice, Part 1 - Community Pharmacy. Filed September 27, 2016
In force September 28, 2016
MO 369/2016
Amends the Health Professions Act bylaws by repealing and replacing Schedule D - Fees. Filed September 27, 2016
In force November 26, 2016
Amends the Health Professions Act bylaws by amending Part 5 of Schedule F to conform with the federal medical assistance in dying amendments to the Criminal Code (S.C. 2016, c.3), and to provide direction to pharmacists. Filed July 28, 2016
In force July 29 2016
MO 295/2016
Amends the Health Professions Act bylaws by adding a fee item to Schedule D. Filed June 28, 2016
In force August 27, 2016
Amends the Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act bylaws, to include a minimum standard for pharmacy workload to require pharmacy managers, owners and directors to ensure that staff levels and targets do not compromise patient safety.  Filed June 28, 2016
In force August 27, 2016
Amends the Health Professions Act bylaws by adding a fee item to Schedule D. Filed June 28, 2016
In force August 27, 2016
Repeals and replaces various Forms throughout the Health Professions Act bylaws. Filed June 28, 2016
In force August 27, 2016
Amends the Health Professions Act bylaws by repealing and replacing Schedule A, Code of Ethics, and amends Schedule F, Standards of Practice, related to dispensing drugs for the purpose of Medical Assistance in Dying. Filed June 6, 2016
In force June 6, 2016
MO 207/2016
Amends the Health Professions Act bylaws by repealing and replacing Forms 10 and 13. Filed October 1, 2015
In force October 8, 2015
MO 326/2015
Amends the Health Professions Act bylaws by removing reference to drug administration "by injection", adding a requirement regarding the continuing education program, and adding the authority for intranasal drug administration. Filed September 24, 2015
In force October 8, 2015
MO 297/2015.
Amendments the Health Professions Act bylaws by adding Section 15.1 to establish the practice review committee, repealing and replacing Section 55 and 56 regarding the Quality Assurance program, and amending various provisions in Parts 1 and 3 of Schedule F. Filed September 29, 2014
In force November 28, 2014
Amends the Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act bylaws by repealing and replacing Section 3(6) regarding the responsibilities of owners and managers. Filed September 29, 2014
In force November 28, 2014
Amends the Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act bylaws by repealing and replacing Schedule A, Form 4, Form 5, and Form 6. Filed May 14, 2014
In force June 13, 2014
Amends the Health Professions Act bylaws by repealing and replacing various Forms. Filed May 14, 2014
In force June 13, 2014
Amends the Health Professions Act bylaws regarding electronic voting, registration, injection authority, use of abbreviation, and the repeal and replacement of Schedule C and Schedule D. Filed May 14, 2014
In force June 13, 2014
Amends Part 1 of Schedule F of the Health Professions Act bylaws, to prohibit registrants from providing or distributing, or being a party to the provision or distribution of, incentives respecting prescriptions or other professional pharmacy services, subject to specified exceptions. Filed October 3, 2013
Amends sections 1 and 3 of the Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act bylaws, to require that pharmacy managers, owners and directors must ensure incentives respecting prescriptions or other professional pharmacy services are not provided, subject to specified exceptions. Filed October 3, 2013
Repeals and replaces section 22 of the Health Professions Act bylaws to add authorization for the registrar to establish forms by bylaw. Filed October 2, 2013
In force December 1, 2013
Repeals and replaces Forms 4, 6, 7, 10 and 11 and Schedule D of the Health Professions Act bylaws. Filed October 2, 2013
In force December 1, 2013
Repeals and replaces Forms 1 to 6 and Schedule A of the Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act bylaws. Filed October 2, 2013
In force December 1, 2013
Repeals and replaces Forms 4, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11 and 13 and Schedule D of the Health Professions Act bylaws, to update references to GST/PST. Filed February 1, 2013
In force March 2, 2013
Repeals and replaces Forms 1 to 6 and Schedule A of the Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act bylaws, to update references to GST/PST. Filed February 1, 2013
In force March 2, 2013
Amends various bylaws to allow administration of injections by student pharmacists under supervision of full pharmacists or other regulated health professionals. Filed September 27, 2012
In force October 29, 2012
MO 226/2012
Repeals and replaces Schedule A of the Health Professions Act bylaws regarding the code of ethics. Filed March 17, 2011
In force May 16, 2011
Repeals and replaces Schedule A of the Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act bylaws regarding fees. Filed December 24, 2010
In force February 1, 2011
MO 372/2010
Repeals and replaces Schedule D of the Health Professions Act bylaws regarding fees. Filed December 15, 2010
In force February 1, 2011
MO 369/2010
Repeals and replaces all bylaws of the College under the Health Professions Act and the Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act, to support registration of pharmacy technicians. Filed July 30, 2010
In force August 1, 2010
MO 219/2010
Adds new Part 4 of Schedule F of the Health Professions Act bylaws regarding administration of injections by full pharmacists Filed October 16, 2009
In force October 16, 2009
MO 222/2009
Repeals and replaces the Health Professions Act bylaws, except Schedules A, B, D, F (Parts 2 & 3) and G and Forms 1 to 12, to support administration of injections by full pharmacists. Filed October 14, 2009
In force October 14, 2009
MO 220/2009
Amends Part 1 of Schedule F of the Health Professions Act bylaws regarding patient choice of pharmacy. Filed July 23, 2009
In force August 14, 2009
MO 184/2009
Repeals all bylaws and rules of the College under the Pharmacists, Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act, and makes the bylaws of the College under the Health Professions Act and the Pharmacy Operations and Drug Scheduling Act. Filed March 31, 2009
In force April 1, 2009
MO 113/2009
Approved Drug Schedule Amendments Date
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation to harmonize with federal legislation and the national drug scheduling system by removing 11 drugs from Schedule I, adding eight drugs to Schedule I, and adding one drug to Schedule III. Filed June 5, 2012
Early deposit date
permitted
MO 136/2012
In force June 26,
2012
BC Reg 192/2012
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation to harmonize with federal legislation and the national drug scheduling system by removing naproxen (220 mg per tablet) and niacin (extended release) from Schedule II, adding naproxen (220 mg per tablet) to Schedule III, and adding seven new drugs to Schedule I. Filed October 14, 2011
Early deposit date permitted
MO 292/2011
In force October 31, 2011
BC Reg 190/2011
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation to harmonize with federal legislation and the national drug scheduling system by adding tapentadol to Schedule IA. Filed October 14, 2011
Early deposit date permitted
MO 291/2011
In force October 31, 2011
BC Reg 189/2011
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation to harmonize with federal legislation and the national drug scheduling system by descheduling one form of naproxen from Schedule III. Filed March 11, 2011
Early deposit date permitte|
MO 083/2011
In force March 31, 2011
BC Reg 64/2011
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation to harmonize with federal legislation and the national drug scheduling system by: adding 12 drugs to Schedule I; adding one drug to Schedule II; descheduling one drug from Schedule III; rescheduling certain forms of one Schedule I drug to Schedule III. Filed December 7, 2010
Early deposit date permitted
MO 006/2011|
In force January 13, 2011
BC Reg 2/2011
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation to harmonize with federal legislation and the national drug scheduling system by rescheduling certain forms of a schedule I drug (naproxen) and adding 26 drugs to Schedule I. Filed November 27, 2009
Early deposit date permitted
MO 269/2009
In force November 30, 2009
BC Reg 286/2009
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation to harmonize with federal legislation and the national drug scheduling system, by updating the description of a Schedule III drug (diphenhydramine). March 2, 2009
OIC 121/2009
BC Reg 046/2009
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation to harmonize with federal legislation and the national drug scheduling system, by: adding 13 new drugs to Schedule I; moving a topical form of a Schedule I drug to Schedule III (diclofenac); moving oral forms of two drugs from Schedule II to Schedule III (famotidine, and levonorgestrel for emergency contraception). March 2, 2009
OIC 120/2009
BC Reg 045/2009
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation by deleting nine drugs from Schedule I, seven drugs from Schedule II and seven drugs from Schedule III, and adding 75 drugs to Schedule I, five drugs to Schedule II and 11 drugs to Schedule III, to harmonize with federal legislation and the national drug scheduling system. June 27, 2008
OIC 529/2008
BC Reg 200/2008
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation by moving levonorgestrel for emergency contraception from Schedule IV to Schedule II, to harmonize with federal legislation and the national drug schedules. May 25, 2007
OIC 302/2007
BC Reg 137/2007
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation by adding 19 drugs to Schedule I and correcting errors in the description of two drugs currently in Schedule I and III. June 14, 2006
OIC 412/2006
BC Reg 169/2006
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation by: updating descriptions of four Schedule I drugs; changing the use of one Schedule I drug to veterinary use only; removing four drugs from Schedule I to harmonize with federal legislation; removing one drug from Schedule IA; revising the description of Schedule II vaccines and adding one vaccine to Schedule II; adding one drug to Schedule IA; changing the description of one Schedule III drug to deregulate adult product.  May 18, 2006
OIC 362/2006
BC Reg 142/2006
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation by: deleting six Schedule III drugs to harmonize the provincial schedules with the national schedules; correcting error in description of one item in Schedule I; deleting a nicotine item from Schedule I and replacing it with a Schedule III entry; deleting 12 drugs and adding 21 drugs to different schedules. July 24, 2003
OIC 744/2003
BC Reg 303/2003
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation by: updating the descriptions of two Schedule III drugs; adding 12 drugs to Schedule I. January 23, 2003
OIC 54/2003
BC Reg 19/2003
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation by repealing and replacing a Schedule I entry. October 29, 2002
OIC 924/2002
BC Reg 258/2002
Amends Schedule III of the Drug Schedules Regulation to add the drug desloratadine. July 29, 2002
OIC 707/2002
BC Reg 233/2002
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation to add new drugs to Schedules I, II and III. July 29, 2002
OIC 706/2002
BC Reg 232/2002
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation to: add 17 new drugs to Schedule I; change the way entries in Schedule I followed by a "V" superscript may be sold; delete nicotine and its salts. July 19, 2002
OIC 642/2002
BC Reg 210/2002
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation with regard to phenylpropanolamine and dimenhydrinate. February 11, 2002
OIC 112/2002
BC Reg 21/2002
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation with respect to Schedule IA and several Schedule III drugs. December 20, 2001
OIC 1092/2001
BC Reg 312/2001
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation with respect to several Schedule I and II drugs. September 14, 2001
OIC 831/2001
BC Reg 211/2001
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation to: make housekeeping changes; revise the Schedule III entry for acetylsalicylic acid; add nine Schedule I drugs. April 20, 2001
OIC 519/2001
BC Reg 132/2001
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation to repeal and replace several Schedule I and II drugs; transfer 44 Schedule I drugs to the Federal Food & Drug Regulations; add 11 Schedule II drugs. November 24, 2000
OIC 1627/2000
BC Reg 378/2000
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation with respect to meclizine (Schedule I) and ibuprofen (Schedule I and III) to make them available on a non-prescription basis. November 24, 2000
OIC 1626/2000
BC Reg 377/2000
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation to create Schedule IV, to allow pharmacists to prescribe emergency contraceptives for women without a prescription from a physician. October 26, 2000
OIC 1422/2000
BC Reg 355/2000
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation to delete and add various drugs and substances. January 27, 2000
OIC 93/2000
BC Reg 31/2000
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation to delete, substitute and add various drugs and substances. July 21, 1999
OIC 871/99
BC Reg 247/99
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation November 25, 1998
OIC 1441/98
BC Reg 418/98
Amends the Drug Schedules Regulation April 24, 1998
OIC 540/98
BC Reg 141/98
Repeals the Drug Schedules Regulation in its entirety (BC Reg 435/95) and makes the new Drug Schedules Regulation. January 9, 1998
OIC 35/98
BC Reg 9/98