Boreal caribou designatable unit (DU6) primarily use large peatlands and open forest throughout the year. Currently approximately 750 boreal caribou occupy five herd (range) areas in northeast British Columbia.
Boreal caribou have a unique spatial strategy for calving, with females dispersing widely to calve on their own. These pre-calving movements usually happen within a herd’s annual range and are much shorter than the long-distance migrations of other caribou populations.
These caribou are listed as threatened under the federal Species at Risk Act, are provincially red-listed (threatened to endangered), and are identified as Priority 1 under the B.C. Conservation Framework.
Boreal caribou populations are believed to have declined since the early 2000s.
The decline of boreal caribou in British Columbia may be attributed to:
- Habitat loss
- Habitat fragmentation and alteration
- Increased predation resulting from forestry and petroleum and natural gas activities
For more information on threats to boreal caribou read Science Update - Boreal Caribou in B.C. (PDF, 1.5MB)
To reduce the expected decline of the boreal caribou, a number of actions have been taken. 550,000 hectares of resource review areas (RRA) and enabling habitat restoration and mitigation actions have been established within boreal caribou range. An implementation plan has also been developed which will guide boreal caribou management.
- Implementation Plan for the Ongoing Management of Boreal Caribou in B.C. (PDF)
- Boreal Caribou Resource Review Areas
The following documents summarize the current state of the boreal caribou population and their habitats:
- Boreal Caribou in Northeastern B.C. Technical Report (PDF, 2MB)
- Boreal Caribou Future Management Options (PDF, 3MB)
To support the implementation of the management plan, teams were assembled to provide on-going strategic and technical guidance.
- Revised Boreal Caribou Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) (PDF)
- MOU Strategic Lead Team Terms of Reference (PDF)
- MOU Research & Effectiveness Monitoring Board Terms of Reference (PDF)
The following resources provide information about the activities to preserve and manage the boreal caribou population.
Habitat Management Forestry Activities
Petroleum and Natural Gas Activities
- Oil and Gas Activities Act
- Ungulate Winter Range Orders
- Wildlife Habitat Area Orders
- Wildlife and Wildlife Habitat Management under OGAA and EPMR (PDF)
- Interim Operating Practices for Oil and Gas Activities in Identified Boreal Caribou Habitat in British Columbia (PDF)
- Information Bulletin
- Revised Boreal Caribou (PDF)
- Performance Measures for Resource Review Areas for Woodland Caribou in British Columbia (PDF)