Carbon Neutral Action Reporting (CNARs)

British Columbia annually achieves carbon neutrality across its provincial public sector. This is a first for any province, territory or state in North America. It is an achievement that places B.C. on the leading edge of climate action and it has driven growth in the clean energy and clean technology sectors.

To become carbon neutral every public sector organization (PSO) in B.C. annually measures their carbon footprint, takes action to reduce that footprint as much as possible, applies high-quality emissions offsets to address any emissions that cannot be reduced, and reports on its achievements.

Under the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets Act, all PSOs are mandated to report annually on their plans and actions taken to reduce energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Since 2010, all PSOs must have reported their total annual GHG emissions as well as offset investments made to achieve net-zero emissions. These reports are known as Carbon Neutral Action Reports (CNARs - See the table below for links to all reports over the years). For program highlights and reports by year, please use links in the navigation to the left, or click here: 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, Carbon Offset Projects.

Carbon Neutral Government Leadership in British Columbia

British Columbia achieved its fifth consecutive year of carbon neutral government operations in July 2015. The Leading by Example: The First Five Years of Carbon Neutral Government in British Columbia report showcases the outcomes of BC’s leadership and enabling Carbon Neutral Government legislation.

The Economic Analysis of British Columbia’s Carbon Offset Projects report outlines the balance between the province’s environmental protection and economic benefits resulting from investments in offset projects. Please see news release for more information.

2014 Summary and Highlights

Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Offset Investments

In 2014, B.C.’s public sector produced a total of 767,583 tonnes CO2e from all sources identified in the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets Act. Of this total, 108,445 tCO2e were not subject to the application of emission offsets under the regulation. For the 2014 calendar year, B.C.’s public sector invested $16,478,450 in 659,138 tonnes CO2e of carbon offsets from the Climate Investment Branch

Due to routine adjustments to prior year emissions estimates, an additional 2,953 tonnes CO2e worth of emissions were offset to account for all prior year PSO emissions. As a result, a total of 662,091 tonnes CO2e of carbon offsets were purchased.

Please note that only core government must report on business travel (local in-town taxi travel is exempt). All reports include mobile and fleet vehicles, however the following emissions must be reported but are not required to be offset under the Carbon Neutral Regulation of the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets Act: school bus emissions; biomass emissions; BC Transit's public transit bus emissions.

Comparing Performance

The 2014 data shows the lowest absolute amount of GHG emissions so far, representing a nearly 6% decrease from the 2010 baseline year. Additionally, it is important to note that when the current emissions data are normalized for climate variability (different weather conditions) based on a 30-year climate normal temperature, it is estimated that relative emissions have decreased by more than 7% since 2010, and this number grows to more than 11% when considering only those emissions that must be offset.

2010-2014 emissions by source (incl. normalised building GHGs)

The chart above illustrates how emissions from buildings are the predominant source of public sector GHGs (emissions in dark blue, carbon offsets in light blue).  To adjust for year-to-year weather variability (e.g. colder winter in 2011 required more heating energy) the yellow lines provide "climate-normalized" building emissions. The result is an estimate of what the (dark blue) emissions would have been during an average weather year with a moderate winter.

The data reported annually (below) is sometimes amended after the publication of a given year's reports. Accordingly, the following table, which reflects data updated in June 2015, provides revised baseline year data.  The baseline year is the benchmark against which subsequent years' performance is measured. Weather-normalized data is presented below and demonstrates increased energy efficiency in the provincial public building sector since 2010.
 

B.C. Public Sector Emissions Normalized for Climate/Weather

Year

2010 (baseline)

2014

% Reduction

Total Emissions

813,143

767,583

5.6

Emissions for Offsets

728,773

659,138

9.6

Normalised Total Emissions

844,869

782,042

7.4

Normalised Emissions for Offsets

760,492

673,148

11.5

Note: this data reflects amendments to data originally reported in summaries of previous reporting years.

2010-2014 PSO emissions

This chart illustrates the relative carbon footprints of each of B.C. schools, universities and colleges, hospitals, Crown corporations and core government.  Crown corporations see the greatest drop between emissions (dark purple) and offsets (light purple) because of the significant size of the BC Transit fleet of buses.

School bus and transit bus emissions must be reported but are not required to be offset under section 4(2)(c) of the Carbon Neutral Government Regulation of the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets Act.

Biomass and biofuel emissions must be reported, but are not required to be offset under the Carbon Neutral Government Regulation of the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets Act.

When it is estimated that stationary fugitive emissions from cooling comprise less than 1% of a PSO’s total emissions and an ongoing effort to collect or estimate emissions from this source is disproportionately onerous, emissions from this source are deemed out-of-scope and are not included in the total GHG emissions profile.

School District Emissions and Offset Investment

In 2014, after taking action to reduce GHG emissions in their operations, school districts produced a total of 174,955 tonnes CO2e from all emission sources identified by the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets Act.

School districts then invested $3,887,350 in 155,494 tonnes CO2e of carbon offsets. 

Looking for information regarding Carbon Neutral Capital Program projects and funding to school districts? Please visit the Ministry of Education webpage.

Post Secondary Emissions and Offset Investment

In 2014, after taking action to reduce GHG emissions in their operations, post-secondary institutions produced a total of 150,488 tonnes CO2e from all emissions sources identified by the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets Act.

Post-secondary institutions then invested $3,159,575 in 126,383 tonnes CO2e of carbon offsets.

Health Authority Emissions and Offset Investment

In 2014, after taking action to reduce GHG emissions in their operations, health authorities and affiliates produced a total of 227,568 tonnes CO2e from all emissions sources identified by the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets Act.

Health authorities and affiliates then invested $5,673,525 in 226,941 tonnes CO2e of carbon offsets.

Crown Corporation Emissions and Offset Investment

In 2014, after taking action to reduce GHG emissions in their operations, Crown corporations produced a total of 146,852 tonnes CO2e from all emissions sources identified by the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets Act.

Crown corporations then invested $2,083,850 in 83,354 tonnes CO2e of carbon offsets.

Core Government Emissions and Offset Investment

In 2014, after taking action to reduce GHG emissions in their operations, core government produced 67,720 tonnes CO2e from all emissions sources identified by the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets Act.

In addition to measuring emissions from fleet vehicles, buildings, and paper, core government is also required to report and offset emissions from business travel.

Core government then invested $1,674,125 in 66,965 tonnes CO2e of carbon offsets.

 

Table of Annual Reports / CNARs (alphabetical by PSO type)

Note: In the case of discrepancies in emissions totals, refer to the emissions source report appended to each CNAR or the appendix of data in the annual report.

Depending on your browser/settings, you may need to change the zoom or width of your window (or rotate your screen) in order to view all table columns below: 2008 - 2014.

ALL PUBLIC SECTOR - ANNUAL CNG REPORTS 2008 (page) 2009 (page) 2010 (page) 2011 (page) 2012 (page) 2013 (page) 2014 (page)  
ALL PUBLIC SECTOR - ANNUAL OFFSET PORTFOLIO    

2010 (table)

2011 (table) 2012 (table) 2013 (table) 2014 (table)  
CORE GOVERNMENT 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
CROWN CORPORATIONS                
BC Assessment Authority 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
BC Council for International Education           2013 2014**  
BC Games Society 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
BC Housing 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
BC Hydro and Power Authority 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
BC Innovation Council 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
BC Liquor Distribution Branch 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
BC Lottery Corporation 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
BC Oil and Gas Commission 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
BC Pavilion Corporation 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
BC Railway Company 2008 2009  
BC Securities Commission 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
BC Transit 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
BC Transmission Corporation 2008 2009 2011  
BC Transportation Investment Corporation   2012 2013 2014  
Columbia Basin Trust 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Columbia Power Corporation 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Combined Forces Special Enforcement Unit 2008  
Community Living BC 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Destination BC / Tourism BC 2009       2013 2014  
Forestry Innovation Investment   2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Homeowner Protection Office 2008 2009  
Industry Training Authority 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Insurance Corporation of British Columbia (ICBC) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Knowledge Network Corporation 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Legal Services Society 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Pacific Carbon Trust 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014**  
Partnerships BC 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Private Career Training Institutions Agency 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Provincial Capital Commision 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014**  
Royal BC Museum Corporation 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
The First Peoples' Heritage, Language and Cultural Council 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
** In some years, certain Crown CNARs are covered within Core Government.        
HEALTH AUTHORITIES (and affiliates)        
BC Emergency Health Services   2013 2014  
Fraser Health Authority 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Interior Health Authority 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Northern Health Authority 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Provincial Health Services Authority 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Vancouver Coastal Health Authority 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Vancouver Island Health Authority 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Bella Coola Hospital   2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014**  
Louis Brier Home and Hospital   2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Menno Hospital   2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Mount Saint Mary Hospital   2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Nisga'a Valley Health Authority   2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Providence Health Care   2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
R.W. Large Memorial Hospital   2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014**  
St. Joseph's General Hospital   2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
St. Michael's Centre   2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Wrinch Memorial Hospital   2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
** In some years, certain health affiliate CNARs are covered within Vancouver Coastal Health                
POST-SECONDARY                
British Columbia Institute of Technology (BCIT) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Camosun College 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Capilano University 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
College of New Caledonia 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
College of the Rockies 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Douglas College 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Emily Carr University of Art and Design 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Justice Institute of British Columbia 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Kwantlen Polytechnic University 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Langara College 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Nicola Valley Institute of Technology 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
North Island College 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Northern Lights College 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Northwest Community College 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Okanagan College 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Royal Roads University 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Selkirk College 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Simon Fraser University 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Thompson Rivers University 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
University of British Columbia 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
UBC Okanagan   2009 2010 2011  
University of Northern British Columbia 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
University of the Fraser Valley 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
University of Victoria 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Vancouver Community College 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Vancouver Island University 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
Note: UBC reported their Vancouver and Okanagan campuses separately in 2009-2011                
SCHOOL DISTRICTS                
05. Southeast Kootenay 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
06. Rocky Mountain 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
08. Kootenay Lake 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
10. Arrow Lakes 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
19. Revelstoke 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
20. Kootenay-Columbia 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
22. Vernon 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
23. Central Okanagan 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
27. Cariboo-Chilcotin 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
28. Quesnel 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
33. Chilliwack 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
34. Abbotsford 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
35. Langley 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
36. Surrey 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
37. Delta 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
38. Richmond 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
39. Vancouver 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
40. New Westminster 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
41. Burnaby 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
42. Maple Ridge-Pitt Meadows 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
43. Coquitlam 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
44. North Vancouver 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
45. West Vancouver 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
46. Sunshine Coast 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
47. Powell River 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
48. Sea to Sky 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
49. Central Coast 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
50. Haida Gwaii/Queen Charlotte 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
51. Boundary 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
52. Prince Rupert 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
53. Okanagan Similkameen 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
54. Bulkley Valley 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
57. Prince George 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
58. Nicola-Similkameen 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
59. Peace River South 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
60. Peace River North 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
61. Greater Victoria 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
62. Sooke 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
63. Saanich 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
64. Gulf Islands 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
67. Okanagan Skaha 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
68. Nanaimo-Ladysmith 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
69. Qualicum 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
70. Alberni 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
71. Comox Valley 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
72. Campbell River 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
73. Kamloops/Thompson 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
74. Gold Trail 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
75. Mission 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
78. Fraser-Cascade 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
79. Cowichan Valley 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
81. Fort Nelson 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
82. Coast Mountains 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
83. North Okanagan-Shuswap 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
84. Vancouver Island West 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
85. Vancouver Island North 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
87. Stikine 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
91. Nechako Lakes 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
92. Nisga'a 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
93. Conseil scolaire francophone 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014  
All PSO Emissions Data is summarized in the following:
CNG-opendata.csv (CSV file)
               

Leading by Example

Front cover of Leading By Example report

Read the report on the First Five Years of Carbon Neutral Government in British Columbia- 2010-2014.

BC Offset Economic Impacts 2015

Front cover of BC Offset Economic Report

Read the final report on the Economic Analysis of British Columbia's Carbon Offset Projects.

Carbon Neutral BC Annual Reports

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