2014 Reports, Summary and Highlights

2014 Summary and Highlights

Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Offset Investments

In 2014, B.C.’s public sector produced a total of 767,583 tonnes CO2e from all sources identified in the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets Act. Of this total, 108,445 tCO2e were not subject to the application of emission offsets under the regulation. For the 2014 calendar year, B.C.’s public sector invested $16,478,450 in 659,138 tonnes CO2e of carbon offsets from the Climate Investment Branch

Due to routine adjustments to prior year emissions estimates, an additional 2,953 tonnes CO2e worth of emissions were offset to account for all prior year PSO emissions. As a result, a total of 662,091 tonnes CO2e of carbon offsets were purchased.

Please note that only core government must report on business travel (local in-town taxi travel is exempt). All reports include mobile and fleet vehicles, however the following emissions must be reported but are not required to be offset under the Carbon Neutral Regulation of the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets Act: school bus emissions; biomass emissions; BC Transit's public transit bus emissions.

Comparing Performance

The 2014 data shows the lowest absolute amount of GHG emissions so far, representing a nearly 6% decrease from the 2010 baseline year. Additionally, it is important to note that when the current emissions data are normalized for climate variability (different weather conditions) based on a 30-year climate normal temperature, it is estimated that relative emissions have decreased by more than 7% since 2010, and this number grows to more than 11% when considering only those emissions that must be offset.

2010-2014 emissions by source (incl. normalised building GHGs)

The chart above illustrates how emissions from buildings are the predominant source of public sector GHGs (emissions in dark blue, carbon offsets in light blue).  To adjust for year-to-year weather variability (e.g. colder winter in 2011 required more heating energy) the yellow lines provide "climate-normalized" building emissions. The result is an estimate of what the (dark blue) emissions would have been during an average weather year with a moderate winter.

The data reported annually (below) is sometimes amended after the publication of a given year's reports. Accordingly, the following table, which reflects data updated in June 2015, provides revised baseline year data.  The baseline year is the benchmark against which subsequent years' performance is measured. Weather-normalized data is presented below and demonstrates increased energy efficiency in the provincial public building sector since 2010.
 

B.C. Public Sector Emissions Normalized for Climate/Weather

Year

2010 (baseline)

2014

% Reduction

Total Emissions

813,143

767,583

5.6

Emissions for Offsets

728,773

659,138

9.6

Normalised Total Emissions

844,869

782,042

7.4

Normalised Emissions for Offsets

760,492

673,148

11.5

Note: this data reflects amendments to data originally reported in summaries of previous reporting years.

2010-2014 PSO emissions

This chart illustrates the relative carbon footprints of each of B.C. schools, universities and colleges, hospitals, Crown corporations and core government.  Crown corporations see the greatest drop between emissions (dark purple) and offsets (light purple) because of the significant size of the BC Transit fleet of buses.

School bus and transit bus emissions must be reported but are not required to be offset under section 4(2)(c) of the Carbon Neutral Government Regulation of the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets Act.

Biomass and biofuel emissions must be reported, but are not required to be offset under the Carbon Neutral Government Regulation of the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets Act.

When it is estimated that stationary fugitive emissions from cooling comprise less than 1% of a PSO’s total emissions and an ongoing effort to collect or estimate emissions from this source is disproportionately onerous, emissions from this source are deemed out-of-scope and are not included in the total GHG emissions profile.

School District Emissions and Offset Investment

In 2014, after taking action to reduce GHG emissions in their operations, school districts produced a total of 174,955 tonnes CO2e from all emission sources identified by the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets Act.

School districts then invested $3,887,350 in 155,494 tonnes CO2e of carbon offsets. 

Post Secondary Emissions and Offset Investment

In 2014, after taking action to reduce GHG emissions in their operations, post-secondary institutions produced a total of 150,488 tonnes CO2e from all emissions sources identified by the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets Act.

Post-secondary institutions then invested $3,159,575 in 126,383 tonnes CO2e of carbon offsets.

Health Authority Emissions and Offset Investment

In 2014, after taking action to reduce GHG emissions in their operations, health authorities and affiliates produced a total of 227,568 tonnes CO2e from all emissions sources identified by the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets Act.

Health authorities and affiliates then invested $5,673,525 in 226,941 tonnes CO2e of carbon offsets.

Crown Corporation Emissions and Offset Investment

In 2014, after taking action to reduce GHG emissions in their operations, Crown corporations produced a total of 146,852 tonnes CO2e from all emissions sources identified by the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets Act.

Crown corporations then invested $2,083,850 in 83,354 tonnes CO2e of carbon offsets.

Core Government Emissions and Offset Investment

In 2014, after taking action to reduce GHG emissions in their operations, core government produced 67,720 tonnes CO2e from all emissions sources identified by the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets Act.

In addition to measuring emissions from fleet vehicles, buildings, and paper, core government is also required to report and offset emissions from business travel.

Core government then invested $1,674,125 in 66,965 tonnes CO2e of carbon offsets.

 

2014 Carbon Offset Project Portfolio

For the 2014 calendar year, 662,091 tonnes of offsets were retired on behalf of B.C.’s 130 provincial public sector organizations, a reduction equivalent to the annual emissions from 141,000 passenger vehicles.

Portfolio Summary

Project Validator Verifier Sector Project Type* Project Tonnes
Biomass Fuel Switch (Interfor) KPMG Conestoga-Rovers & Associates Forestry FS 16,631
Bus Fuel Switch Project (BC Transit/TransLink) KPMG Stantec Transportation FS 6,044
Clean Tech Biomass Gasification (Kruger Products) Ernst & Young Ruby Canyon Engineering Forestry FS 15,570
Energy Efficiency (Canfor Pulp) Ernst & Young KPMG Forestry EE 56,673
Gas Transmission System Blowdown (Grizzly Valley) Stantec Ruby Canyon Engineering Oil and Gas EE 4,721
Greenhouse Fuel Switch (Sun Select Delta) Stantec Ruby Canyon Engineering Agricultural FS 12,521
Improved Forest Management (Cheakamus Community Forest) Stantec Rainforest Alliance Forestry Sq 13,707
Improved Forest Management (Great Bear - North and Central Mid-Coast) Stantec KPMG Forestry Sq 335,467
Improved Forest Management (Great Bear - Haida Gwaii) Stantec KPMG Forestry Sq 36,067
Improved Forest Management (Great Bear - South Central Coast) Stantec KPMG Forestry Sq 38,024
Innovative Fuel Switch (Canfor Pulp) Ernst & Young KPMG Forestry FS 9,062
Landfill Methane Conversion (Columbia Shuswap Regional District) KPMG Ruby Canyon Engineering Waste EE 7,206
Low Emissions Facility (ARC Resources) Ruby Canyon Engineering KPMG Oil and Gas FS 85,916
Methane Capture (Regional District of Fraser Fort George) Ruby Canyon Engineering NSF International Waste EE 24,482
Total offsets: 662,091**

* Note for project types: EE = Energy efficiency; FS = Fuel switching; Sq = Sequestration
** This includes 659,138 tonnes CO2e of offsetable emissions + 2,953 tCO2e of prior year adjustments.