Interpretation Guidelines Manual British Columbia Employment Standards Act and Regulations
EMPLOYMENT STANDARDS ACT - PART 5 - STATUTORY HOLIDAYS
ESA Section 48 – Substituting another day for a statutory holiday
This section outlines when an employer and an employee may substitute a different day for a statutory holiday. This section ensures that the employee is granted the same rights under the Act as if the substituted day were a statutory holiday.
48. (1) An employer may for one or more employees at a workplace substitute another day off for a statutory holiday if the employer and the employee or a majority of those employees, as the case may be, agree to the substitution.
(2) Any employees affected by the substitution of another day for a statutory holiday have the same rights under this Act and their employer has the same duties under this Act as if the other day were a statutory holiday.
(3) An employer must retain for 2 years records of agreements made under subsection (1)
An employer, with the agreement of an employee, or the majority of the employees, as the case may be, may substitute another day off for a statutory holiday. An agreement between an employer and one employee is permissible.
Melissa asks her employer, Geoff, to substitute June 30, a Monday, for July 1, a Tuesday. Geoff agrees. Melissa takes June 30 off and is paid statutory holiday pay for the day, in accordance with s.45(1). She works July 1 and is paid her regular wage for all hours worked.
This arrangement meets the intent of s.48 of the Act. Both the employer and the employee agree to the substituted day and the employee is granted the same rights under the Act as if the substituted day were a statutory holiday.
In the case of more than one employee, the majority of the affected employees must agree to the substitution.
A majority means more than 50% of those employees affected. Employees' wishes must be determined by democratic means and a written record must be kept of the decision-making process for the required 2 years pursuant to s.48(3).
When scheduling another day off for a statutory holiday, an employer must not unduly influence employees' wishes.
Employees covered by a collective agreement
Under s.3 of the Act, where a collective agreement contains any provision respecting statutory holidays, the provisions of this section do not apply. If a collective agreement does not contain any provision respecting statutory holidays, Part 5 is deemed to be incorporated in the collective agreement as part of its terms.
Where there is a collective agreement, the enforcement of matters relating to Part 5 is through the grievance procedure, not through the enforcement provisions of the Act.
Related sections of the Act or Regulation
- s 1, Definition, “statutory holiday”
- s 3, Scope of this Act
- s.44, Entitlement to statutory holiday
- s.45, Statutory holiday pay
- s.46, If employee is required to work on statutory holiday
- s 57, Annual Vacation
- s.1, Definition “farm worker”
- s.1, Definition “manager”
- s.34.1, Farm workers
- s.36, Exclusion from statutory holiday pay requirements
- s.37, Fishers
- s 37.8, High technology companies
- s 37.9, Silviculture workers
- s.37.14, Commission Sales