First Nations Studies
Use these resources to learn about the First Nations peoples of British Columbia.
First Nations Peoples of B.C.
This map illustrates the rich diversity of First Nations peoples of British Columbia. Like all maps, it is a rendition – a best attempt at reflecting a current reality, recognizing that "the map is not the territory".
The boundaries between territories are deliberately shown as blending into one another, in recognition of the complex territorial relationships involved. Many boundary overlaps are currently being negotiated by the First Nations as part of the B.C. Treaty Process. Names and pronunciations used on this map are as close as possible to those currently used by the First Nations.
A Basic Guide to Names*
Listed below are the First Nations Peoples as they are generally known today with a phonetic guide to common pronunciation.
The best way to learn how to say these names, is to listen closely to a native speaker pronounce the word and perhaps even ask for a quick lesson.
|People||Pronunciation||Have Been Called||Language Family|
|Nuxalk||Nu-halk||Bella Coola||Coast Salish|
|Coast Salish**||Coast Salish||Coast Salish|
*Adapted from Cheryl Coull's "A Traveller's Guide to Aboriginal B.C." with permission of the publisher, Whitecap Books.
** Although Coast Salish is not the traditional First Nations name for the people occupying this region, this term is used to encompass a number of First Nations Peoples including Klahoose, Homalco, Sliammon, Sechelth, Squamish, Halq'emeylem, Ostlq'emeylem, Hul'qumi'num, Pentlatch, Straits.